Od wyzwolenia do zniewolenia. Krakowianie lat 1945–1947.

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Agnieszka Chłosta-Sikorska


The years 1944/1945-1947 are the key turning point in the history of Cracow. 1945 in the year of liberation from the Nazi occupation, and as such is related to the dreams of independent Polsnd. The city was not destroyed so the authorities had to deal with large numbers of newcomers, housing and provisioning problems as well as epidemics. Providing proper supplies was not easy. Communcation was defective. Yet, Cracow tradition of spendingfree time above floated above all probles. Family and social relations were rebuilt and new ones were cultivated. People strolled through the streets of the Old Town or through the walkways of the Planty Park, attended dance and festive parties even through they were already under the watchful eye of the authorities that were gradually taking over the control over the society. they crashed the opposition, threatend people, monopolized the power in the hands of the Communist party. New customs and that duties that they imposed led to a strong polatization of social attitudes. Two standpoints developed - acceptance and negation. Those who accepted the state of affairs wanted to live normal lives, even with the polish Worker's Party in the background, while those who negated the reality openly manifested their aversion towards the authorities. The year 1947 is the endof the first phase of Stalinization, however, Cracow typicality is kind of untypicality on the map of the People's Republic of Poland. the Communists had great problems with imposing their authority in Cracow. It was here that the attitude of awareness and social resistance was not fully destroyed, and  the customs that the lives of the citzens were so firm that destroying them was a considerable problem for the Communists.

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Chłosta-Sikorska, A. (2014). Od wyzwolenia do zniewolenia. Krakowianie lat 1945–1947. Res Gestae, 14, 242–251. Pobrano z https://resgestae.uken.krakow.pl/article/view/2294
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Agnieszka Chłosta-Sikorska - Instytut Historii Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny im. KEN w Krakowie